Routines, Daily Activities and Hobbies

Simple present tense in English refers to activities we do on a daily basis, routines we do periodically, and activities we do as hobbies or interests
Example
-You have your breakfast at 8:30 everyday.
-You eat breakfast at 8:30 every day.
-I usually wash my hair twice a week.
-I usually wash my hair twice a week.
-We like to go to the zoo.
-We like to go to the zoo.
As in all verb tenses we have positive, negative and interrogative sentences.

 



POSITIVE STATEMENTS
In positive sentences you only have to take into account the personal pronouns HE SHE and IT.
Here are the rules with verbs in positive sentences with the personal pronouns HE SHE and IT.

 

1 . With most verbs add an 'S'  to verbs with the pronouns HE SHE and IT in positive sentences.
Example
I like vanilla ice-cream. She like s vanilla ice-cream.
They live  in Paris. She  live s in Paris.
You make me feel upset.  It make s me feel upset.
You make me feel sad. That make s me feel sad

 

2. Add 'ES' with HE SHE and IT on verbs that end in SH, CH, SS, Z, X, O, when you have positive sentences.
Example
I always watch tv during my lunchtime.  He always watch es tv during his lunchtime.
They wash their clothes. She wash is  her clothes.
You go to the park with your dog. He go es to the park with his dog.
The IT engineers fix the computer. Mark fix e s the computer.

 

3 . If you have a verb that ends in 'Y' and has a consonant in front, change that 'Y' to 'i'  and add 'ES' with HE SHE IT.
Example
I always cry when I am peeling onions. Maria always cr ies when she is peeling onions.
We fly from London to NY every summer.  She fl ies from London to NY every summer.
EXERCISE 1

Write each verb with the correct -s, -es, or -ies ending


EXERCISE 2

Complete the sentence by choosing  the right answer. Focus on simple present tense rules of the verbs for (he,she,it).



EXERCISE 3

Fill in the blanks applying the  simple present tense rules for positive statements.

 

 

 



NEGATIVE STATEMENTS
To formulate negative sentences we use what in English are called auxiliary verbs DO, DOES. We are going to divide this point into two groups.
1 . We use the auxiliary verb 'DO' plus the particle 'NOT' followed by the main verb with the personal pronouns I, YOU, WE, THEY. The contraction would be {DON'T}
example
I don't like vegetables.
I don't like vegetables.
They don't have breakfast at 7:30 am.
They don't eat breakfast at 7:30.
We don't live in Barbados.
I do not live in Barbados.

 

2 . We use the auxiliary verb 'DOES' plus the particle 'NOT', followed by the main verb with the pronouns HE, SHE, IT. In negative sentences. Collapsed would be {DOESN'T}. When using the DOES helper, the verb goes in its base form.
example
She doesn't travel to Europe (you notice that travel goes without 's') She does not travel to Europe.
He doesn't like to talk about his past.
He doesn't like to talk about his past.
It doesn't make feel happy
that doesn't make me happy
EXERCISE 1

Put the following statements in negative 


EXERCISE 2

Use DON’T or DOESN’T to make negative sentences.


 

 

 

 



INTERROGATIVE STATEMENTS
With all verb tenses we have three ways of asking questions: what we call Yes / No Questions, Information Questions and Tag Questions in English.
YES / NO QUESTIONS
They are called this way because the answer we give is limited to YES or NO.
- With the interrogative sentences we use the same auxiliaries:
DO {I, you, we, they}
DOES {he, she, it}.
- It is easy to identify this type of sentences since the assistant will always go to the beginning of the sentence.
- The answer you are going to give is simply YES or NOT plus a personal pronoun and the corresponding auxiliary.
Example
Do you live in London?
Yes, I do
Do they work for McDonalds?
Yes they do
Do we have to do it?
No we don't
Do you go to bed early?
No i don't
Note that according to your answer is positive or negative you will use the corresponding positive or negative auxiliary,
Does she often travel to USA?
Yes, she does.
Does he have lunch on time?
No, he doesn't

Write down in the blanks the correct answer


WH INFORMATION QUESTIONS
Remember that the words {WHAT, HOW, WHERE, WHEN, WHICH, WHY, WHOM, WHO} are the words of information questions, since they are asking us and we must give complete information. look at these examples.
What do you usually have for breakfast?
I usually have cereals, milk and fruit for breakfast
Where do you normally go on holidays?
I go to the beach on holidays
What does she do for living?
She works as a teacher
What kind of music do you like?
I like pop music
Which dress do you want to buy
The floral one
TAG QUESTIONS
Usamos este tipo de preguntas cuando aparentemente poseemos  la información y solo necesitamos reconfirmarla, como cuando al final de una oración decimos: ¿verdad?¿cierto? ¿sí?¿o no?¿no es así?  y no son más que pequeñas preguntas al final de una oración afirmativa o negativa para comprobar si estamos en lo cierto o no. Veamos como usarlas con el presente simple.
La regla es simple.
  • Si tu oracion es positiva la tag question va a ser negativa
  • Si tu oracion es negativa la tah question va a ser positiva
  • Usaremos los auxiliares DO y DOES ya que estamos usando presente simple
  • Usaremos   el mismo pronombre personal
Ejemplo
You live in London. Don't you?
We like lamb? Don’t we?
They travel to Paris every year. Don't they?
You don't have a pet. Do you?
She works in a school. Doesn't she?
It doesn't help much. Does it?